Good video that describes the basic theory of black holes, how they form and how they are thought to distort space and time.

Distortion of space and time at a black hole are theoretical of course, and it is unlikely that we will ever get direct measurements of anything at the edge of a black hole because of its destructive power and the immense distance to the nearest one.

However, it is awe-inspiring to know that black holes exist.

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Al Maddalena

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Worm Holes are theoretical passage-ways through spacetime.  They exist only in the equations of special relativity by Einstein (Einstein-Rosen Bridge). It is known that massive objects with immense gravity warp space-time. This has been proven by observations (i.e. extremely accurate satellite clocks in orbit around the Earth are known to be consistently picoseconds faster than the same clocks on Earth).

Therefore as one gets closer to extremely large objects, space is warped and time slows.  This is exaggerated millions-fold when a Black Hole is approached.  It is theoretically possible for space to be warped so much that it can be bent over on itself like a sheet of paper.

Consider space is like a sheet of paper that is bent forming a "U". A black hole at one side of the sheet of paper can connect with the opposite "White Hole" on the other side. This connection can be considered a Worm Hole through space-time (below).

This is a great video explaining the concepts of Black Holes and Worm Holes.

So Worm Holes are currently possible only in theory.  However, the same was true for Black Holes only a few years ago, and today, Black Holes are science fact. They not only were calculated by Einstein to exist, but their interaction with matter has been observed and has been documented. Who knows, the same may be true of Worm Holes in the future. 

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Al Maddalena, President

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They have not been observed directly or indirectly.  Although they have not been observed, that does not mean they don't exist.

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Here is a great documentary on Super Massive Black holes. It presents the current understanding of black holes and particularly the Super Massive Black Hole at the center of our Milky Way Galaxy.

The documentary also provides some of the history of how black holes were first discovered with radio telescopes. 

It provides the first scientific proof of Black Hole existance at the center of our galaxy. While the Black Hole cannot be observed directly, scientists pain-stakingly mapped the orbits of enormous stars orbiting the Black Hole.

They also provide a good description of the anatomy of a Black Hole, the event horizon, the accretion disk and what happens to objects that get too close.

It also describes that extremely bright objects initally discovered using radio telescopes called Quasars, were actually Black Holes.

And finally, the discovery that the mass of a Black Hole at the center of most galaxies is directly related (linear relationship) to the mass of the galaxy surrounding it. It has been determined that the mass of a Black Hole is consistently approximately 0.5% of the mass of its galaxy. This is extremely important and may indicate that the size of the galaxy is controlled by the size of it's black hole at the center.

As the massive gas cloud approaches Sagittarius A, at the center of our Milky Way it will give astronomers incredible insight on how a Super Massive Black hole devours mass.  In fact with this huge injection of gas (approximately the volume of the Earth) our Black Hole should get much brighter as friction of mass in the accretion disk increases to create a searing plasma.

This should be very ineteresting.

Maddalena Environmental Inc.

Al Maddalena, President

P.S. If you're trying to make money online without success, you should check out THE EASIEST WAY TO MAKE MONEY ONLINE.

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In this photo, complements of NASA and their CHANDRA X-ray space telescope, we get a view of multiple black holes in the galaxy Centaurus A.  This is the nearest galaxy to our own that contains Super Massive Black Holes.

Given enough time, Super Massive Black Holes are created by the merging of smaller galaxies and smaller black holes. The photo above is thought to be a picture of 1 step in the process, where smaller black holes from several galaxies are merging to form 1 Super Massive Black Hole of immense size.

The huge jet (in top left of the photo) is being emitted from one of the Super Massive Black holes and is approximately 13,000 light years in length!  There is a second, smaller jet being emitted in the opposite direction.

These jets are composed of X-rays being emitted by the intense interraction of matter at or near the Event Horizon of the black hole.  Just outside the Event Horizon there is an accretion disk of material. The pull of the Super Massive Black hole essentially creates a traffic jam of material within the accretion disk, resulting in immense interaction and ejection of X-ray jets.

Maddalena Environmental Inc.

Al Maddalena

P.S. If you're trying to make money online and have not yet succeeded, you should check out THE EASIEST WAY TO MAKE MONEY ONLINE.

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The annual meteor shower from the Swift-Tuttle Comet and Super Moon Aug.11,12,13 are competing for our attention in the night sky.

Watch the video courtesy of NASA. This is cool.

Maddalena Environmental Inc.

Al Maddalena, President

P.S. If you're trying to make money online and hav been unsuccessful, you should check out THE EASIEST WAY TO MAK MONEY ONLINE.

Watch a Free Webinar Here.

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